As more of our lives are online, security against hackers is becoming more important. Hackers have two goals: creating chaos and taking cash. Hackers steal your personal information to make unauthorised charges to your accounts or disrupt your business with malware.

The good news is that there are many ways to protect yourself from cyberattacks. Most of them require no huge amount of effort. Begin by encrypting data that’s not transmitted via the internet (that includes employee social security numbers and bank routing numbers, and other sensitive data). Install the full-disk encryption program that comes with most operating systems. For Macs it’s FileVault. for PCs it’s BitLocker.

Always upgrade software programs. Many hackers gain access to computers by exploiting vulnerabilities in old programs. Updates fix these vulnerabilities and make it much more difficult for hackers to break into your system.

Install a firewall on all your devices. Firewalls are a type of network system designed to manage incoming and outgoing traffic on your computer. Windows and macOS come with a firewall built-in but it is suggested to employ a third-party application to protect mobile devices and home networks.

Review your device’s name and identify your network names and device names. Do not use personal identifiers such as your last name or your phone number in these names, which could allow hackers easy access to your data.

Be careful when discussing your work with others. Even minor details, such as the place you were born or the names of your pets can be used to help hackers penetrate security systems.

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